Previously, we had learned about several types of carbohydrates. There are monosaccharide, disaccharide and polysaccharide. Carbohydrates is a source of sugar. The most recommended carbohydrate for diabetics is the polysaccharide. For example, in our body carbohydrates (polysaccharide) are broken down into glucose. Glucose is transported throughout the body as energy. This energy is used to fuel our body to do its normal functions. However, too much glucose is indeed will lead to complications such as diabetes.
But how a diabetic can take sugar if it leads to high blood glucose? They certainly can with the right diet and the right source of carbohydrates. Lets take grains for example. Grains are a good source of carbohydrate. There are 2 types of grains; whole grains and refined grains. Here is a simple explanation about whole grains and refined grains.
Whole grains is any grains that still have endosperm, germ and bran in contact. Whole grains is any unprocessed grains such as red rice, barley, mung bean, whole wheat and many more. These types of grains have low glycemic index (GI), that will not raise blood sugar for the diabetics. Plus, whole grains have 100% nutrients such as vitamins and minerals. This is why, whole grains is very good for diabetic patients.
Refined grains is processed grains, that have its bran and germ removed, only have endosperm in contact. Refined grains such as white rice, white bread and white wheat flour. Due to the refining mechanism, only 5% of nutrients left in the refined grains. These types of grains have high glycemic index (GI), which will increase blood sugar if taken in high portion. This is why refined grains are not well recommended for the diabetic patients.
In conclusion, we (especially the diabetics) are recommended to incorporate whole grains into our daily meal. Whole grains are high in nutrients and fiber. Not only it helps to control blood sugar, it also helps to maintain our overall health.
Do you want to know how a diabetic patient can have a balanced meal?
We’ll share this with you on our next post!